BSF Taro BSF Taro
Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of Underutilised Taro to Increase Food Security and Improve Livelihoods of Marginalised Communities Faced with Climate Change
Baseline survey update overview: Malaysia, Philippines & Indonesia
Date: June 2021
Latest updates on the state of the baseline surveys for each country.
The baseline survey involves farmers' questionnaires and key informant interviews (KII) of taro stakeholders at different localities within each country. The details are outlined below:

Provinces: East Nusa Tenggara, Musi Banyu Asin, Bogor, Kuningan, East Java
Farmer questionnaires: 135
Key informant interviews: -

States: Selangor (Ijok, Sepang, Kuala Langat, Sabak Bernam, Semenyih) & Johor (Batu Pahat, Simpang Renggam, Muar)
Farmer questionnaires: 32
Key informant interviews: 4 (Taro processors - 4)

Provinces: Cavite, Laguna, Quezon
Farmer questionnaires: 27
Key informant interviews: 10 (Buyers - 9, Government Institute - 1)

Key findings

Taro as main source of income
Preferred taro variety

Keladi Mawar

Hitam, Lokal, Taiwan
Value addition

No (88%)

No (85%)

None to 100%
Is growing taro profitable?

Yes (91%)

Yes (22%)

None to 100%
Impacts of climate change


Pests & diseases
Suggestions to improve taro farming

Need more land

Enhanced market access

Capital, supply of seeds, marketing

Note: For Indonesia, survey results were broken down by provinces hence the figures represent a range or the highest percentage for each province. Details are found in the presentation slides below.

There are additional information on climate change, gender, irrigation, harvesting, variety selection in the presentation as well.

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